Conditions - Their causes & treatment


A bunion is a problem that can develop due to hallux valgus, a deformity of the foot. The Latin meaning of hallux valgus is: turning outward (valgus) of the first toe (hallux). The bone which joins the first toe, the first metatarsal, becomes prominent on the inner border of the foot. more info


A corn is the thickened skin that forms where the shoe rubs on the toe. A hard corn forms where the skin is dry and a soft corn forms where it is moist, as between the toes.
more info

Chronic Pain After Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are the commonest injury in sport and result in significant morbidity. There is increasing evidence in the literature to suggest that up to 40% of patients have ongoing disability and impairment after an ankle sprain.
more info

Foot & Ankle Arthritis

Arthritis is a broad term for a number of conditions that destroy the workings of a normal joint. This is due to damage and loss of the joint cartilage (the soft tissue between joint bones).
more info

Hammer Toes

Hammertoe describes one shape the toe may take when the joints are contracted and deformed. Other shapes of deformed toes are described as claw toes and mallet toes.
more info

Heel Pain

Pain in the heel is one of the most common complaints that a foot specialist hears. The cause of heel pain is one of the most controversial subjects in the specialty. With treatment, however, most patients can be relieved of their symptoms.
more info

Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the toenail grows into the skin next to it. This usually results in the surrounding skin becoming inflamed and very tender. If left untreated, the affected area usually becomes infected. Ingrown toenails can occur in all age groups. They most often occur in the big toenail.
more info

Plantar Fasciitis & Heel Pain

Plantar Fasciitis (PF) means inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of connective tissue that spans the arch of the foot from the calcaneous (heel bone) to the bases of the toes.
more info